Myth: “the coup of 1964 was conceived by the United States of America”

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

(Handout/mount to read)

In June 1962, the U.S. ambassador to Brazil , Lincoln Gordon, met with President John F. Kennedy to discuss the political situation in Brazil. The White House has just finished the installation of the registration system is illegal in the Oval Office, and the first conversation I thought to put Django in the hot seat. “I think one of the most important tasks is to strengthen the backbone of the army. Is delivering the country to…,” said Gordon, who said Kennedy was “communists”.

This was a turning point in the relationship of United States with Brazil. Until the 1950s, the major concerns of the United States away from Latin America. The Soviet Union developed the steps program, its ballistic place; Intelligence orquestrava coup in Iran (1953); u.s. Army entered the Korean War (1950-53); Egypt nacionalizava the Suez Canal (1956), North Vietnam threatened the expansion of communism in Southeast Asia.

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But 1961 brought to the attention of us here. In 1959, Fidel Castro won the Cuban revolution. The movement caused concern because of U.S. investment in the island, but there was a major threat to the geopolitical. Vader did not turn to communism. It was just the commander of the National to derrubara dictator Fulgêncio Batista (1952-1959). Even pose a picture with Vice President Richard Nixon on a trip to the United States, four months after the revolution.

Despite all the military force which mobilized the United States is not Brazil, civil or military, participated in the Send because the United States wants.

Elio Gaspari health.





This changed when Castro nationalized American property in Cuba. In the reaction of the United States enlisted the Cubans in Miami to invade Cuba through the Bay of pigs. The invasion failed and led Cuba to seek protection from the appropriate United States military. So it was that Cuba became the Soviet satellites a little more than 100 miles from Florida.

From Yao communist in Cuba, any movement of the left in Latin America began sounding the alarm in Washington. Included Django, which, according to the concerns of the United States of America, perigava of the establishment of the “dictatorship of personal and populist”. The signals seemed clear. Already in 1959, Brizola encampara American companies ITT and bond and share in Rio Grande do Sul. Now, Django called to control the remittance of profits abroad and the nationalization of oil refineries abroad. Moreover, it was the support of the social movements of peasants, workers, students and military rebels of the low patent.

For all this, it is tempting to claim that the coup was orchestrated by the US government. But those who managed the conspiracy against Django wasn’t the United States of America. They were civilians, the Brazilian military, which since the Times of Getulio fought against the so-called “populism”. “No rights were handled by North American imperialism, nor to the left, or of gold or of the finger of Moscow”, writes the historian of the war, former guerrillas Daniel Aarão Reis, F. “The terminology of the time, the effectiveness of large propagandística, do not give account of the political stability that it was opposition forces.”

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Professor of American history at the University of the South Pacific Sean Purdy has a similar assessment. “Not coup with the support of the United States.s. Have happened without the country have the forces of the interior to express it. The United States has his fault, but, as in the case of Brazil, there was a part of a community that supported the overthrow of the government.”

To say that the actors of the scandal was national, of course, does not mean to ignore the sympathy with the Americans saw the conspirators [read below]. It bancaram development projects in the state that are governed by opponents of Django slab support any coup to overthrow the left-wing, financed a Ipês-Ibad, and has been maintained on the exchange of military and prepared megaoperação support the coup – which ended up not being put into practice, because the generals Brazilians overthrew Django even before than expected.

so the U.S. assistance wasn’t a critical hit. But if the barracks wasn’t able to take down Django at the expense of his already brother that you say. Barely a hawk of the North appreciate the fact that the crisis of the Goulart government may worsen. After all, as President Nixon would later say of general Médici in an official visit to the United States in 1971, “where Brazil rest of Latin America”.

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Falcon, Jaguar, vivandeiras

The United States overthrew Django, but was generous with the conspirators, civil and military

The Alliance for progress

In this program of foreign aid, Kennedy made the governments of the Latin American Communist with hospitals, schools and residential complexes. So I hoped to neutralize the appeal in revolutionary Cuba in the region. The Alliance for progress benefited from the rulers of the states of opposition, such as Carlos Lacerda (Rio de Janeiro), Luis Magalhães Pinto (mg), Adhemar de Barros (SP). Already the government of Django was.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

Automatic support

In March 1964, coordinator of the Alliance for progress, Thomas C. Mann meeting with all the authorities in the government of the United States is engaged with Latin America. The meeting came the doctrine of Man: the United States will not support any government as long as it was against communism. The New York Times questioned the doctrine will not be carte blanche for military scammers. Man replied: “each case is a case”.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

Operation brother Sam.

The United States did not intervene militarily in Brazil, but arrived to prepare for the advocacy process, in the case of scammers have difficulties. Filling in the Caribbean region, carrier, and Port fan forces from the paratroopers, six destroyers, with about 100 tons of weapons, and four tankers. The structure that will come on the south-eastern coast of Brazil between 8 and 13 April. However, the army’s strike in the week and had an abortion.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

The financing of the opposition

In 1962, the ambassador, Lincoln Gordon, President Kennedy not to take down Jango – but by doubts, had kept the message serving in the ship. Of the year in the parliamentary elections, the Americans released a flood of US dollars to Brazilian politicians from the opposition. The money has helped more than 200 candidates to the Senate Chamber of federal and state groups.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

The exchange of military

The Brazilian military Americans began a close association until 1944, when Brazil sent an expeditionary force to Italy. Hundreds were studying at the school of the Americas training center of the United States in Panama in the National War College. In 1962, the United States sent to the Rio military attache Vernon Walters, veteran 2 guard that came to the room with the next president Castelo Branco.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

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The United States was on the representatives of the first class of a opposition trumpet-Ibad, who produced the propaganda of anti-communism against Django on the radio, the TV, in the cinema and the press. Also distributed the official books follow the movie scientists in the barracks, rules, schools, and. Only in 1963, carried out 1.706 expectations.

21 mitos sobre a ditadura militar
21 myths about the military dictatorship

– (Generation Tokyo/pressure/run)

This is the last part of file “21 myths about the military dictatorship”, which can be read in full here.

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